Houman Hashemian, Mohammad Ali Esfandiari, Setila Dalili
Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics
Context: Infectious diseases are still one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in children, especially in developing countries. In various studies, the weight of children has been found to be influential in the risk of occurrence of these diseases or their severity, and sufficient information on this matter can be important in improving the management and prognosis of patients. This study aimed to determine the impact of being underweight or obese on the risk of infection in children Evidence Acquisition: The ISI Web of Sciences, Scopus, PubMed, and Google Scholar databases were reviewed for relevant articles published from 2010 to 2022. The keywords used included: Infections, Body Mass Index, obesity, thinness, underweight, and child. Results: Studies show that underweight children are associated with an increased risk of various parasitic, viral, and bacterial infections or their severity. Being overweight and obese have received less attention, but they have been shown to be effective in some respiratory and urinary infections in children. Conclusions: According to obtained results, being underweight or obese has been linked to an increased risk of various parasitic, viral, and bacterial infections or their severity in children. Therefore, determining the weight of children, even in emergency cases, and considering it, along with other initial evaluations of children with infection, can be effective in improving the management and prognosis of these children.
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